National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP)
The national Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP) is one of the six closely interlinked National Development Programmes of Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) in Afghanistan. In line with Afghanistan National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) policy, the responsibilities of this programme includes policy and strategy formulation, planning, coordination of rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities represented and implemented by private sectors, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and rural communities namely Community Development Councils (CDCs).
Improvement in the quality of life of people through their improved access to safe and sustainable water and sanitation services and increased adoption of hygienic practices at the personal, household and community level, resulting in (i) reduced morbidity and mortality rates (particularly children under five) (ii) enhanced productivity and well being of the people.
Main activities of Ru-WatSIP:
Improve access of the rural population to 25 liters per capita per day (LPCD) 27% to 50% in 2014, and 70% to 100% in 2016 and 2030 respectively and improve potable quality of drinking water as per World Health Organization (WHO) standards.
Make 50% rural villages/ communities in the country Open Defecation Free (ODF) by 2020 by empowering communities to:
Improve existing traditional latrines to become safe, hygienic and ensure user privacy.
Make new latrines as models of safe sanitation in households, schools and clinics.
Undertake the safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes.
Provide hygiene education with appropriate follow-up activities in schools, households and communities for sustained behavior change and adoption of safe hygiene practices.
Community based O&M of water supply projects
- Implementation of sanitation and hygiene promotion projects.
- Capacity building trainings to relevant agencies in hygiene and sanitation
- Development of training and Information Education Communication (IEC) materials in coordination with Ministry of Public Health (MoPH)
- Maintaining coordination with stakeholders
- Facilitate emergency response approach during natural or man-made disasters
- Policy making for rural water, hygiene and sanitation
- As part of the monitoring system, monitor and evaluate of sector projects
- Management and Information System (MIS) assets information
- Water quality testing of sources in coordination with MoPH
- Water safety plans for rural communities
- Small scale irrigation to feed ground water sources and create employment
- Standardization of the technology option and design for WASH
- Chairing regular monthly coordination meetings for rural Water and Sanitation Group (WSG)
- Leading the regional and global partnerships South Asian Conference on Sanitation and Sanitation and Water for All (SACOSAN & SWA)
Main Achievements of Ru-WatSIP since 2003 to date (end of 2018)
Construction of water points/sources:
- More than 29,999 water wells fitted with hand pumps, 1,004 pipe schemes for water networks (benefitting 6,824,027 people).
- Survey and design of water supply schemes from simple bore wells up to complex pipe scheme projects
Sanitation facilities and hygiene education: (Mid 2013 to date)
- Hygiene education covered over 1.54 million people
- ODF certified 1,718 communities which are benefiting 558,012 people
- Newly and improved latrine -103,373 benefiting 723,611 people
Training on sanitation:
- About 250 Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) staff and Rural Rehabilitation Directorates (RRDs) representative (both male and female) trained in the CLTS approach.
- A total of 11,360 community elders (Mula Imams, Teachers, and CDC members, Community Health Workers (CHWs) /supervisors) and 19,661 Family Health Action Group (FHAG) members trained in hygiene behavior changes
Provinces under CLTS coverage in 2019
Where we are
58% of rural communities have access to improved water supply but access to improved sanitation is only 13%.
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Where we want to be in 2019
The national Ru-WatSIP aims to achieve access to safe drinking water supply to 75% of the population. This requires creation of 32,000 new water points and rehabilitation of 16,000 dysfunctional water points and creation 3,600 schools with new water points and 1,100 hand-pumps on existing wells in 1.100 schools resulting to cover 80% of schools with safe drinking water. In relation of safe sanitation access for 50% of the population, this requires creating 19,425 villages Open Defecation Free (ODF) and fully sanitized by creating 520,000 new household toilets and rehabilitation of 700,000 traditional household toilets into safe ones, and rehabilitating 3,500 old toilets in schools and building 23,000 new ones in schools which will provide safe sanitation in 80% of schools.