National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation & Irrigation Program (Ru-WatSIP)
The national Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Irrigation Programme (Ru-WatSIP) is one of the six closely interlinked National Development Programmes of Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) in Afghanistan. In line with Afghanistan National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) policy, the responsibilities of this programme includes policy and strategy formulation, planning, coordination of rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities represented and implemented by private sectors, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and rural communities namely Community Development Councils (CDCs).
Improvement in the quality of life of people through their improved access to safe and sustainable water and sanitation services and increased adoption of hygienic practices at the personal, household and community level, resulting in (i) reduced morbidity and mortality rates (particularly children under five) (ii) enhanced productivity and well being of the people.
Main activities of Ru-WatSIP:
- Improve access of the rural population to 25 liters per capita per day (LPCD) 27% to 50% in 2014, and 70% to 100% in 2016 and 2020 respectively and improve potable quality of drinking water as per World Health Organization (WHO) standards.
- Make all villages/ rural communities in the country 50% Open Defecation Free (ODF) by 2020 by empowering communities to:
- Improve existing traditional latrines to become safe, hygienic and ensure user privacy;
- Make new latrines as models of safe sanitation in households, schools and clinics;
- Undertake the safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes.
Provide hygiene education with appropriate follow-up activities in schools, households and communities for sustained behavior change and adoption of safe hygiene practices.
In addition to this, Ru-WatSIP provides capacity building trainings for rural communities on service delivery, Operation and Maintenance (O&M),Water Safety Plan (WSP) and sustainable use of water supply and sanitation facilities across the country. The Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is an option which leads to mobilization and behavioral changes throughout the community. It also resulted in bringing down the Open Defecation (OD) almost to zero in the targeted communities declared as ODF.
As for as the emergency and humanitarian WASH is concerned, Ru-WatSIP as Co-lead for WASH cluster, has been providing WASH facilities with subsidy through mobile water trucks considered only for life saving or to preventing displacement and diseases outbreaks after documented and verified by WASH cluster.
- Community based O&M of water supply projects
- Implementation of sanitation and hygiene promotion projects
- Capacity building trainings to relevant agencies in hygiene and sanitation
- Development of training and Information Education Communication (IEC) materials in coordination with Ministry of Public Health (MoPH)
- Maintaining coordination with stakeholders
- Facilitate emergency response approach during natural or man-made disasters
- Policy making for rural water, hygiene and sanitation
- As part of the monitoring system, monitor and evaluate of sector projects
- Management and Information System (MIS) assets information
- Water quality testing of sources in coordination with MoPH
- Water safety plans for rural communities
- Small scale irrigation to feed ground water sources and create employment
- Standardization of the technology option and design for WASH
- Chairing regular monthly coordination meetings for rural Water and Sanitation Group (WSG)
- Leading the regional and global partnerships South Asian Conference on Sanitation and Sanitation and Water for All (SACOSAN & SWA)
Construction of water points/sources:
- More than 26,254 water wells fitted with hand pumps – 468 pipe schemes for water networks (benefitting 4,595,994people).
- Survey and design of water supply schemes from simple bore wells up to complex pipe scheme projects
Sanitation facilities and hygiene education:
- Around 29,086 latrines have been constructed which are benefitting 595,312 people and children
- Hygiene education covered over 1.5 million people
- ODF certified 610 communities which are benefiting 250684people
- Newly and improved latrine 58,031 benefiting 407,540 people
Training on water and sanitation:
From 2016-to date (end of March 2017), a total of 178 people (171 men and seven women), trained in the following water related trainings:
- Design of gravity fed and solar powered water supply systems
- Water safety plan
- Contingency planning for emergencies
- About 119 CLTS staff and RRDs representative (48 females and 71 males) trained in the CLTS approach
- A total of 3,401 community elders (Mula Imams, Teachers, CDC members, Community Health Workers (CHWs)/supervisors) and 5,971 Family Health Action Group (FHAG) members trained in hygiene behavior changes.
Where we are
58% of rural communities have access to improved water supply but access to improved sanitation is only 13%
Where we want to be in 2019
- Provision of safe drinking water for 75% rural population of the country complying with the national drinking water quality standards. This requires creation of 26,000 new water points including gravity-fed, solar powered water supply systems and tube wells provided with hand-pumps.
- Declaring 12000 rural villages/settlements (ODF). This can be done through construction of new household latrines and rehabilitation and improvement of existing traditional latrines
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Where we want to be in 2019
The national Ru-WatSIP aims to achieve access to safe drinking water supply to 75% of the population. This requires creation of 32,000 new water points and rehabilitation of 16,000 dysfunctional water points and creation 3,600 schools with new water points and 1,100 hand-pumps on existing wells in 1.100 schools resulting to cover 80% of schools with safe drinking water. In relation of safe sanitation access for 50% of the population, this requires creating 19,425 villages Open Defecation Free (ODF) and fully sanitized by creating 520,000 new household toilets and rehabilitation of 700,000 traditional household toilets into safe ones, and rehabilitating 3,500 old toilets in schools and creating 23,000 new ones in schools which will provide safe sanitation in 80% of schools.